Hydrocarbons are made up of carbon and hydrogen atoms. They are classified into two main families: aliphatic hydrocarbons and aromatic hydrocarbons.
Hydrocarbon remains a major component in water contamination.
Aliphatic hydrocarbons are molecules composed only of carbon and hydrogen atoms. They come in two forms: gaseous (natural gas) or liquids (gasoline, diesel, fuel oil, kerosene, etc.).
Aromatic hydrocarbons are molecules made up of carbon and hydrogen atoms, but also nitrogen or oxygen atoms. They come in two forms: gaseous (liquefied petroleum gas) or liquid (petroleum, oils).
Hydrocarbons are organic compounds. They are many and diverse. They are used in the manufacture of everyday consumer products such as cosmetics, cleaning products, pharmaceuticals, plastics, chemicals, petroleum products, agricultural products, etc.
They are used as fuel in motor vehicles, airplanes, boats, agricultural machinery, construction machinery, construction machinery, etc. Or used as fuel in power stations, boiler rooms, industrial furnaces, boilers, concrete furnaces, pellet furnaces, etc.
According to the International Maritime Organization:
“Oil tankers transport some 2,900 million tonnes of crude oil and petroleum products each year around the world by sea. Most of the time, oil and gas transport is carried out smoothly and safely. “.